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Original scientific article

ELIMINATION OF TOXIC ELEMENTS BY NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC ADSORBENTS

By
Zuzana Danková ,
Zuzana Danková
Contact Zuzana Danková

Institute of Geotechnics, Slovak Academy of Sciences Košice, Košice, Slovakia

Alexandra Bekényiová ,
Alexandra Bekényiová

Institute of Geotechnics, Slovak Academy of Sciences Košice, Košice, Slovakia

Zuzana Mitróová ,
Zuzana Mitróová

Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences Košice, Košice, Slovakia

Danka Gešperová
Danka Gešperová

Institute of Geotechnics, Slovak Academy of Sciences Košice, Košice, Slovakia

Abstract

The adsorption of Zn(II) and Cu(II) onto siderite (S) and kaolin (K) and adsorption of As(V) onto bentonite (B) was studied. The chemical modification – precipitation of MnO2 on the kaolin (KM) and siderite (SM) surface was used to improve the adsorption properties of natural materials for their application in columns. In the batch tests the higher adsorption capacity was observed for the KM sample. The binary solution of Zn(II)/Cu(II) was percolated through the columns filled with quartz sand (QS) as a bearer of KM or SM. The effect of toxic elements removal reached in average 90 % for both columns.

The adsorption of As(V) onto natural bentonite (B) and synthetic magnetic particles (MP) was studied by batch as well as column tests. Whereas the B sample did not perform good adsorption properties in batch test, in dynamic conditions its effect was comparable with MP. The effect of As(V) removal was studied in a number of series with different materials beddings and cycles repetitions. The results showed that the most effective was the column filled with QS+B+MP containing more coarse-grained fraction of bentonite. In the second cycle its removal effect reached 60 % of As(V) elimination from the solution.

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