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Original scientific article

ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN URBAN AREAS BY INNOVATIVE PERMACULTURAL DESIGN

By
Svetlana Stevovic ,
Svetlana Stevovic
Contact Svetlana Stevovic

Innovation Center, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

Jovana Jovanovic ,
Jovana Jovanovic

Faculty for Civil Engineering and Management, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

Dijana Djuric
Dijana Djuric

Faculti of Civil Engineering Subotica, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia

Abstract

First two paramount problems of the world are food security and energy. Permaculture is a new interdisciplinary branch of the science, which has positive synergistic effects and solves both problems, including environmental care. The paper analyzed the holistic principles of permaculture design and possible application in the flats, gardens in the suburbs and/or in the countryside, the urban land, fields and plots, on rural estates and cottages, in commercial and industrial applications, as well as in educational institutions and in the abandoned land. Permaculture as a set of knowledge about designing sustainable human communities, is a connection of the old traditional techniques, enriched with new knowledge and technologies in the field of architecture, construction, agriculture and forestry, chemistry, biology, sociology, urban planning, ecology, economy, energy, water and waste management. Permaculture research answers on how to simultaneously grow food, build energy efficient dwellings and improve the functionality of urban communities while preserving the environment. Model of positive examples from international smart practice are presented.

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