×
Home Current Archive Editorial board
News Contact
Review paper

OPTIMAL STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES – REVIEW OF EXISTING SOLUTIONS CONSIDERING APPLICABILITY ASPECT

By
Aleksandar Milajić ,
Aleksandar Milajić

Faculty of Construction Management, University UNION, Belgrade, Serbia

Goran Pejičić ,
Goran Pejičić

European University, Brcko, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Dejan Beljaković
Dejan Beljaković

Faculty of Construction Management, University UNION, Belgrade, Serbia

Abstract

During the past two decades, rapid advances in information technology have improved the accuracy and capabilities of optimization techniques. Unfortunately, great number of optimization methods in civil engineering has not found implementation in practice, mainly because the problems were treated only from mathematical point of view, disregarding applicability of obtained solutions in reality. Since the aim of any optimization method is developing methodology that would successfully imitate human reasoning, it is necessary to develop adequate approach that would obtain realistic and applicable solutions. This paper provides basic facts of the optimal reinforced structures design, problem classification, mathematic definition and applicability aspect, as well as preview of methods and references available in the literature.

References

[{"id":1111,"citationNumber":"1","type":"journal-article","title":"Product and system optimization in engineering simulation.FENet Newsletter","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"G.","family":"Steven"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2003"]},"container-title":null,"volume":null,"issue":null,"page":null}]

[{"id":1112,"citationNumber":"2","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimum singly reinforced concrete sections","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"L.","family":"Friel"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1974"]},"container-title":"ACI J","volume":"71","issue":"11","page":"556\u20138"}]

[{"id":1113,"citationNumber":"3","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimum reinforced concrete T-beam sections","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"T.","family":"Chou"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1977"]},"container-title":"J Struct Div","volume":"103","issue":"8","page":"1605\u201317"}]

[{"id":1114,"citationNumber":"4","type":"article-journal","title":"Multilevel optimum design of reinforced concrete structures","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"U.","family":"Kirsch"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1983"]},"container-title":"Eng Optimiz","volume":"6","issue":"4","page":"207\u201312"}]

[{"id":1115,"citationNumber":"5","type":"article-journal","title":"Minimum weight design of reinforced concrete sections for flexure","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"N.","family":"Lakshmanan"},{"given":"V.S.","family":"Parameswaran"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1985"]},"container-title":"IE (I) J","volume":"66","issue":null,"page":"92\u20138"}]

[{"id":1116,"citationNumber":"6","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimum design of reinforced concrete sections","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"A.","family":"Prakash"},{"given":"S.K.","family":"Agarwala"},{"given":"K.K.","family":"Singh"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1988"]},"container-title":"Comput Struct","volume":"30","issue":"4","page":"1009\u201311"}]

[{"id":1117,"citationNumber":"7","type":"article-journal","title":"Minimum cost design of reinforced concrete structures","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"S.","family":"Kanagasundram"},{"given":"B.L.","family":"Karihaloo"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1991"]},"container-title":"Comput Struct","volume":"41","issue":"6","page":"1357\u201364"}]

[{"id":1118,"citationNumber":"8","type":"article-journal","title":"Minimum cost reinforced concrete beams and columns","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"S.","family":"Kanagasundram"},{"given":"B.L.","family":"Karihaloo"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1941"]},"container-title":"Comput Struct","volume":"41","issue":"3","page":"509\u201318"}]

[{"id":1119,"citationNumber":"9","type":"article-journal","title":"Models for optimal design of reinforced concrete beams","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"B.K.","family":"Chakrabarty"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1992"]},"container-title":"Comput Struct","volume":"42","issue":"3","page":"447\u201351"}]

[{"id":1120,"citationNumber":"10","type":"article-journal","title":"A model for optimal design of reinforced concrete beam","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"B.K.","family":"Chakrabarty"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1992"]},"container-title":"J Struct Eng ASCE","volume":"118","issue":"11","page":"3238\u201342"}]

[{"id":1121,"citationNumber":"11","type":"article-journal","title":"Cost optimum design of reinforced concrete beams","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"Y.A.","family":"Al-Salloum"},{"given":"G.H.","family":"Siddiqi"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1994"]},"container-title":"ACI Struct J","volume":"91","issue":"6","page":"647\u201355"}]

[{"id":1122,"citationNumber":"12","type":"article-journal","title":"A simple genetic algorithm for the design of reinforced concrete beams","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"C.A.","family":"Coello Coello"},{"given":"A.D.","family":"Christiansen"},{"given":"Santos Hernandez","family":"F"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1997"]},"container-title":"Eng Comput","volume":"13","issue":null,"page":"185\u201396"}]

[{"id":1123,"citationNumber":"13","type":"article-journal","title":"Cost optimization of concrete structures","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"K.C.","family":"Sarma"},{"given":"H.","family":"Adeli"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1998"]},"container-title":"ASCE J. Struct. Eng","volume":"124","issue":"5","page":"570\u2013578"}]

[{"id":1124,"citationNumber":"14","type":"article-journal","title":"Genetic algorithms in optimal detailed design of reinforced concrete members","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"V.K.","family":"Koumousis"},{"given":"S.J.","family":"Arsenis"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1998"]},"container-title":"Comput Aided Civil Infra-struct Eng","volume":"13","issue":null,"page":"43\u201352"}]

[{"id":1125,"citationNumber":"15","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimum detailed design of reinforced concrete continuous beams using genetic algorithms","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"V.","family":"Govindaraj"},{"given":"J.V.","family":"Ramasamy"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2005"]},"container-title":"Comput. Struct","volume":"84","issue":null,"page":"34\u201348"}]

[{"id":1126,"citationNumber":"16","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimum detailed design of reinforced concrete frames using genetic algorithms","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"V.","family":"Govindaraj"},{"given":"J.V.","family":"Ramasmy"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2007"]},"container-title":"Eng","volume":"Optim.,39(4):471-494","issue":null,"page":null}]

[{"id":1127,"citationNumber":"17","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimal reinforcedconcrete beams designusing hybrid GATABUalgorithm","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"A.","family":"Milaji\u0107"},{"given":"D.","family":"Beljakovi\u0107"},{"given":"G.","family":"Peji\u010di\u0107"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2013"]},"container-title":"Technics Technologies Education Management","volume":"8","issue":"2","page":"533 540"}]

[{"id":1128,"citationNumber":"18","type":"article-journal","title":"Genetic algorithm-based methodology for design optimization of reinforced concrete frames","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"S.","family":"Rajeev"},{"given":"C.S.","family":"Krishnamoorthy"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["1998"]},"container-title":"Computer-Aided Civil Infrastruct. Eng","volume":"13","issue":null,"page":"63\u201374"}]

[{"id":1129,"citationNumber":"19","type":"article-journal","title":"","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"K.","family":"Matou\u0161"},{"given":"M.","family":"Lep\u0161"},{"given":"J.","family":"Zeman"},{"given":"M.","family":"\u0160ejnoha"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2000"]},"container-title":"Applying genetic algorithms to selected topics Engineering","volume":"190","issue":"13\u201314","page":"1629\u20131650"}]

[{"id":1130,"citationNumber":"20","type":"article-journal","title":"New approach to optimization of reinforced concrete beams","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"M.And \u0160ejnoha","family":"Lep\u0161"},{"given":"M.","family":""}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2003"]},"container-title":"Computers & Structures","volume":"81","issue":"18\u201319","page":"1957\u20131966"}]

[{"id":1131,"citationNumber":"21","type":"article-journal","title":"Flexural design of reinforced concrete frames using a genetic algorithm","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"C.V.","family":"Camp"},{"given":"S.","family":"Pezeshk"},{"given":"H.","family":"Hansson"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2003"]},"container-title":"J. Struct. Eng","volume":"129","issue":null,"page":"105\u2013115"}]

[{"id":1132,"citationNumber":"22","type":"article-journal","title":"Flexural design of reinforced concrete frames by genetic algorithm","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"C.","family":"Lee"},{"given":"J.","family":"Ahn"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2003"]},"container-title":"J. Struct. Eng","volume":"129","issue":null,"page":"762\u2013774"}]

[{"id":1133,"citationNumber":"23","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimal design of reinforced concrete T-sections in bending","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"C.C.","family":"Ferreira"},{"given":"M.H.F.M.","family":"Barros"},{"given":"A.F.M.","family":"Barros"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2003"]},"container-title":"Eng. Struct","volume":"25","issue":"7","page":"951\u2013964"}]

[{"id":1134,"citationNumber":"24","type":"article-journal","title":"Binary genetic algorithms for the system optimisation","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"\u017d.","family":"Pra\u0161\u010devi\u0107"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2004"]},"container-title":"Izgradnja","volume":"58","issue":"3-4","page":"55\u201368"}]

[{"id":1135,"citationNumber":"25","type":"paper-conference","title":"GA-based Method for a Single Reinforced Concrete Beam Optimal T Cross Section Design Problem Using the Ultimate Strength","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"T.","family":"Yokota"},{"given":"S.","family":"Wada"},{"given":"T.","family":"Taguchi"},{"given":"M.","family":"Gen"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2004"]},"container-title":"Proceedings of the Fifth Asia Pacific Industrial Engineering and Management Systems Conference 2004, CD-rom","volume":null,"issue":null,"page":"32 10 1\u201332 10 9"}]

[{"id":1136,"citationNumber":"26","type":"article-journal","title":"Cost optimization of singly and doubly reinforced concrete beams with EC2-2001","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"M.H.F.M.","family":"MBarros"},{"given":"R.A.F.","family":"Martins"},{"given":"A.F.M.","family":"Barros"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2001"]},"container-title":"Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization","volume":"30","issue":null,"page":"\u2013236\u2013242"}]

[{"id":1137,"citationNumber":"27","type":"article-journal","title":"A hybrid genetic algorithm for reinforced concrete flat slab buildings","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"M.G.","family":"Sahab"},{"given":"A.F.","family":"Ashour"},{"given":"V.V.","family":"Toropov"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2005"]},"container-title":"Comput. Struct","volume":"83","issue":null,"page":"551\u2013559"}]

[{"id":1138,"citationNumber":"28","type":"article-journal","title":"Cost optimization of reinforced concrete flat slab buildings","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"M.G.","family":"Sahab"},{"given":"A.F.","family":"Ashour"},{"given":"V.V.","family":"Toropov"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2005"]},"container-title":"Eng. Struct","volume":"27","issue":null,"page":"313\u2013322"}]

[{"id":1139,"citationNumber":"29","type":"article-journal","title":"Design optimization of reinforced concrete structures","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"A.","family":"Guerra"},{"given":"P.","family":"Kiousis"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2006"]},"container-title":"Computers and Concrete","volume":"3","issue":"5","page":"313\u2013334"}]

[{"id":1140,"citationNumber":"30","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimum design of reinforced concrete plane frames based on predetermined section database","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"H.G.","family":"Kwak"},{"given":"J.","family":"Kim"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2008"]},"container-title":"Comput. Aided Design","volume":"40","issue":"3","page":"396\u2013408"}]

[{"id":1141,"citationNumber":"31","type":"article-journal","title":"An integrated genetic algorithm complemented with direct search for optimum design of RC frames","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"H.G.","family":"Kwak"},{"given":"J.","family":"Kim"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2009"]},"container-title":"Comput. Aided Design","volume":"41","issue":null,"page":"490\u2013500"}]

[{"id":1142,"citationNumber":"32","type":"article-journal","title":"Strut-and-tie modelling of reinforced concrete beams using genetic algorithms optimization","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"R.","family":"Perera"},{"given":"J.","family":"Vique"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2009"]},"container-title":"Constr. Build. Mater","volume":"23","issue":null,"page":"2914\u20132925"}]

[{"id":1143,"citationNumber":"33","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimum Cost of Prestressed and Reinforced Concrete Beams using Genetic Algorithms","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"M.A.","family":"Alqedra"},{"given":"I.","family":"Mohammed"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2011"]},"container-title":"Journal of Artificial Intelligence","volume":"4","issue":null,"page":"76\u201388"}]

[{"id":1144,"citationNumber":"34","type":"article-journal","title":"A comparative study of two meta-heuristic algorithms for optimum design of reinforced concrete framesInternational","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"A.","family":"Kaveh"},{"given":"O.","family":"Sabzi"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2011"]},"container-title":"Journal of Civil Engineering","volume":"9","issue":"3","page":"193\u2013206"}]

[{"id":1145,"citationNumber":"35","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimal design of rectangular RC sections for ultimate bending strength","DOI":null,"author":[],"issued":{"date-parts":["2012"]},"container-title":"Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization","volume":"45","issue":null,"page":"\u2013845\u2013860"}]

[{"id":1146,"citationNumber":"36","type":"paper-conference","title":"Cost Optimization of T-shaped Reinforced Concrete Beams under Flexural Effect According to ACI 318","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"G.","family":"Bekdas"},{"given":"S.M.","family":"Nigdeli"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2012"]},"container-title":"Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference of Civil Engineering (ECCIE","volume":"12","issue":null,"page":"122\u2013126"}]

[{"id":1147,"citationNumber":"37","type":"article-journal","title":"Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm in the design optimization of RC continuous beams","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"M.M.","family":"Jahjouh"},{"given":"M.H.","family":"Arafa"},{"given":"M.A.","family":"Alqedra"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["2013"]},"container-title":"Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization","volume":"47","issue":"6","page":"963\u2013979"}]

[{"id":1148,"citationNumber":"38","type":"article-journal","title":"Optimum cost design of reinforced concrete continuous beams using Genetic Algorithms","DOI":null,"author":[{"given":"S.T.","family":"Yousif"},{"given":"R.M.","family":"Najem"}],"issued":{"date-parts":["201"]},"container-title":"Int. Journal of Applied Sciences and Engineering Research","volume":"2","issue":"1","page":"79\u201392,"}]

Citation

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 

Article metrics

Google scholar: See link

The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). We stay neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.